434.243.5500
Call Us

434.243.5500

Make an Appointment

Use our form

    

Children's Hospital
Google Search Children's Hospital

Infections

Babies in the NICU are at risk for several types of infections. We look at data from independent sources to measure how well we're doing at preventing infections compared to other NICUs across the country.

Healthcare-Associated Infections

A late nosocomial infection is a type of healthcare-associated infection that develops more than 72 hours after birth from a bacteria or virus not spread from the mother.

 

Late nosocomial infections among babies weighing less than 3.3 pounds admitted to the NICU at UVA Children’s Hospital.

A lower number is better.

The national average of nosocomial infection prevalence for infants weighing between 1.1 and 3.3 pounds was 15.0 percent between 2000 and 2009 among North American hospitals in the Vermont Oxford Network. This is the most recent data available for this metric. Source: Horbar et al. Pediatrics 2012; 129:1019.

Measured on an annual (one-year) basis.

Central Line-Associated Blood Stream Infections

Central lines are small tubes that provide fluids, medications, blood products and nutrition supplements to the baby. It’s possible for infections to enter the bloodstream through a central line.

We measure central line-associated blood stream infections (CLABSI) using the National Healthcare Safety Network Standardized Infection Ratio, which takes into account the type of NICU and the babies it treats. The network is maintained by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

Any number below 1 shows fewer infections than expected at a Level IV NICU. Level IV NICUs, like at UVA, provide the highest level of care possible.

Bloodstream infections associated with central venous catheters among babies admitted to the NICU at UVA Children’s Hospital.

Standardized Infection Ratio = A rate lower than 1 indicates fewer infections than predicted for a Level IV NICU.

A lower number is better.

Measured on an annual (one-year) basis.

Intestinal Infections

Necrotizing enterocolitis is a common but sometimes fatal infection in a premature baby’s intestines or gut.

UVA is working on reducing the number of intestinal infections through a variety of ways. These efforts include feeding infants weighing less than 2.75 pounds breastmilk only, standardizing how feedings are done, and monitoring how often babies get certain antibiotics — all of which have been shown to reduce intestinal infections.

 

Necrotizing enterocolitis among babies weighing less than 3.3 pounds admitted to the NICU at UVA Children’s Hospital.

A lower number is better.

The national average of necrotizing enterocolitis prevalence for infants weighing between 1.1 and 3.3 pounds was 5.3 percent between 2000 and 2009 among North American hospitals in the Vermont Oxford Network. This is the most recent data available for this metric. Source: Horbar et al. Pediatrics 2012; 129:1019.

Measured on an annual (one-year) basis.